Home » Ethics, Schmethics: On Press Trips and Writing a Good Story

Ethics, Schmethics: On Press Trips and Writing a Good Story

Is anyone else tired of the press trip debate? It returned last week — on the tails of increasing paranoia about the new FCC rulings — in a story posted by Gawker about NY Times writer Mike Albo taking a “free, all expenses paid trip to Jamaica.” The NY Times explicitly prohibits their writers from participating in these kinds of events. Also on Gawker, an excerpt of the Times policy.

The following additional rules apply to travel writers, whether working for Travel, Escapes, T: Travel or any other section:

No travel writer, whether on assignment or not, may accept free or discounted services of any sort from any element of the travel industry. This includes hotels, resorts, restaurants, tour operators, airlines, railways, cruise lines, rental car companies and tourist attractions…

It is our policy not to give Travel assignments to freelance writers who have previously accepted free services. Depending on circumstances, the Travel editor may make rare exceptions, for example, for a writer who ceased the practice years ago or who has reimbursed his or her host for services previously accepted…

When the story broke, travelers on Twitter manned their keyboards and there was a lively debate — here’s the #twethics (travel writer’s ethics) archive, if you’re interested.

Yes, it’s not unusual for travel writers — for well known writers of any stripe — to be invited on a trip with the implied agreement that they’ll write about it. Yes, there’s some question about how truly objective a writer can be when they’ve taken a trip that was fully funded by a tourism or travel organization. Yes, pay for travel writing these days is rarely enough to cover the expenses of travel, it’s rarely enough to turn a profit.

Are you getting 100 dollars a post — enough to cover dinner and one night in a hotel you scored on Priceline? Are you getting 1200 dollars for a feature story about a far away place — enough for a round trip ticket from the West Coast to Europe and a cup of coffee in the airport? Let’s widen the circle a little bit — are you buying every single one of those gadgets you review? Did you pay for that makeup/clothing/shoes/kitchen appliance/gaming device with your own cold hard cash and did your writing income cover the costs?

I think this entire debate is beside the point. Albo seems to have broken the terms of his contract by taking the trip. That’s a business/contractual issue. But for me, the heart of this debate is the story that results from participating in a comped adventure. What’s the story about? Is the writer offering critical insight into the destination? Is the writer giving you useful, actionable tips for a better trip? Are you reading a story that transports you to a place? Are any reviews practical, complete, and thoughtful? Or are you reading the same information you can get from the brochure stand in the airport? Is the resulting story nothing more than the PR company’s copy, a first person rewriting of what’s on the hotel or attraction web site? Regardless of who’s paying, what am I reading as a result?

It’s increasingly easy to be taken seriously by the entities that finance these trips. PR companies are interested in the high traffic numbers of group blogs, advertisers are looking to replace the fading print market with blog advertorials. They make their choices, send out some invites, and wait, hopefully, for the resulting wave of click throughs and conversions. The issue that came up again and again at the blogging plus travel events I attended this year was “How do I get one of those trips?”

I’d like to see more people asking “How do I write a good travel story?” My inbox is littered with PR pitches for travel related events. Odds are fairly high that I can tell if your post is sourced in one of those; odds are equally high that I can tell if you’re on a comp, even if you haven’t disclosed that fact. Ultimately, I don’t actually care who paid for your trip. I care that the result is a well written story, critical and insightful.

In a perfect world, a travel writer could travel anonymously on an expense account and make a decent income from their stories — but we all know that’s just not true for so many writers these days. Press junkets and PR funded travel is part of the game now. We need to get used to that. And while I do think disclosure is a good policy for bloggers, it’s ultimately up to the publication or the individual to decide. But I don’t think participation in press trips immediately dings a writer’s cred.

I’m not going to go after anyone because they’ve taken a free trip. Write poorly as a result of that opportunity, now that’s when the gloves come off.

Related, sort of:

  • NYT Nitpicker: Why not give Mike Albo a break?
  • Gadling: Free press travel necessary… and certainly not an evil.
  • Miss Adventures: Of freelance writers and junkets
  • Matador: Do Travel and Leisure-style “No Freebies” Policies Undermine Honesty in Travel Writing?
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16 Responses to “Ethics, Schmethics: On Press Trips and Writing a Good Story”
  1. Thank you! I love you for this Pam! :)

    Honestly, you nailed it. It’s why I write. I want a story people will remember and enjoy. I’ve written a couple of travel gear reviews that people don’t forget. For one of the, I interviewed my hiking boots. In another, I stated that I took off my pants for Scottevest. I want to write something that will make people remember a place, event, product, etc.

    I’ve exchanged emails with Spud and am going to sit down with him and just work on become a better writer. I know you’ve given me some tips as well and thanks for that.

    EVERY SINGLE STORY should tell a story. If you are only writing what you did, what you saw, and are describing your trip, it’s a failure. Make connections, go deeper, uncover the story.

    You’re right. Write a story people will remember and who cares how you got there or who paid for the trip. I’m bookmarking this to help inspire me for each story I write. Thanks!

  2. Jenna says:

    Great points. I was on a press trip last week and thought about these very issues. I asked myself questions all day, like the following: Which information that I was given is useful to my perspective or of interest to my audience? Which parts of the trip make a good story? What is unique here?

  3. I find this debate beyond tiresome, but kudos to you for writing the most thoughtful piece I’ve seen on the subject thus far.

    The NY Times/Budget Travel/etc policy is beyond absolute shite, designed to make impoverished writers even more impoverished and ensure that only independently wealthy trust fund kids (who are always oh-so-relatable) can afford to write travel stories for their publications. Screw them.

    Travel is f@#$ing expensive, and the only way I’ve ever been able to do the kind of traveling I want to write about (i.e. to remote eco/adventure destinations) is via press trips. That said, for me it’s ALL about the story, and I do my best when writing to ensure that whether my travel was comped or not is ultimately irrelevant to the reader.

    The real issue here is that more writers who DO accept comped trips need to understand that getting comped does not mean you have to blow smoke up your host’s ass. They are buying your coverage, not your opinion. Unless stated otherwise in a contractual agreement, you do not have write 1000 words about how AMAZING your hotel’s Continental breakfast buffet is. Usually, just mentioning you stayed there will suffice.

    Like you, I wish more bloggers concentrated on providing value to readers. Then, when negotiating press trips, they could assert that value without feeling like they have to bend over backwards to please the PR person. Ultimately, our job is (or should be) to tell great stories.

  4. Great post. Good points about travel and income derived from it. How can a travel writer travel and write in the new media paradigm where print is in its death throes and the Internet is the now. Guess a lot of people won’t be writing for the NYT. I predict that in the near future, due to economic realities, even this bastion of the pay your own way school of thinking will have to reformulate their travel policy. Comp trips don’t mean you have to pander.

  5. Mary Jo says:

    Preaching to the choir here, but as we discussed, it’s usually an economics or writing issue, rather than than an ethics issue. And when it’s an ethics issue, it’s usually about way more than a press trip.

  6. Rosemary says:

    I have to agree with you on this. The NYT writer may ave violated his contract — that’s between the writer and the employer. But, let’s face it, even entities like the NYT are becoming fewer. (See Seattle P.I., the demise thereof.) And those that remain are facing budget cuts. So there are fewer chances for a freelance travel writer to get paid work. I have no problem with PR trips, or comped stuff. You always disclose when that has happened. I am after a good story, and I think I can recognize hype when I read it!

  7. It’s hilarious that they go after travel writers – from the lifestyle/leisure section of the newspaper, when the NYT/WSJ/Bloomberg/Reuters quote stock analysts every day, nay, every article, where the analyst has a clear conflict – they get paid hundreds of thousands/millions of dollars to make sure that people buy shares.
    When’s the last time a travel writer caused trillions of dollars of damage to the global economy? I think the last travel writer to cause a major ripple in the world economy was, um, Marco Polo?

  8. Lori says:

    For me, the issue of comp’d travel writing hinges on trust – do I trust the travel writer’s objectivity (or, at least his/her fearlessnss) enough to take his/her writing seriously? I’m much more likely to do so if the writer has disclosed the comp.

  9. nile cruises says:

    I’d don’t have any scruples about accepting free press trips, accommodation etc because the sponsor/host doesn’t have any editorial control over what I write. I will always write in the post that I was there on a press trip or that the hotel was my host,

  10. Sportsguy says:

    And what about sports writers? Do they get nailed because they didn’t pay the going rate for a seat in the ball park they’re covering? The whole thing is absurd. A reporter knows when they’ve been bought or not. No one is going to get a glowing review for a comped Miller Lite.

  11. […] While I’m not taking any sides here, if you ask me – I don’t give a hoot. I don’t have a care in the world whether your trip was sponsored by the tourism board or whether you paid for it with every dime you have – it’s the story that you write at the end of it that matters. One of my favorite writers, Pam at Nerd’s Eye View, had an interesting take on Press Trips and Writing A Good Story.  […]

  12. […] Related posts: Nerd’s Eye View – Ethics, Schmethics: On Press Trips and Writing a Good Story […]

  13. Now, this is just about the most well-rounded and analytical post regarding comps and press trips that I’ve yet to read. Well done. Excellent points raised.

  14. My main issue around free trips is that most PR agencies/companies would not want you to write impartial content. Readers are getting a very one-sided view because the trip was free and you were writing this content because you were sent on a free trip.

    I know some bloggers that go on many trips, and they then spend days after writing content, publishing videos, this takes up an incredible amount of time, so why would you do that for a free trip – that’s what I cannot get my head around.

    Great post Pam.

  15. […] has been the ire on some blogs when the subject has come up that it has polarised not only the blogging community but also mainstream […]

  16. Pamela says:

    I’m glad you shared the link for the post.

    I’ve been struggling with ethics and I’ve had a few heated conversations at work. In terms of reviews I’ve made the choice to use my own money to purchase the items and not look for freebies.

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